Tanja de Vos, February 2023
Among South African students, the high dropout rate refers to the substantial number of students who leave school before completing their education, particularly in communities that are disadvantaged. There are many factors that contribute to this phenomenon, including poverty, parental support, inadequate resources, and poor educational outcomes, all of which contribute to poor educational outcomes.
We can take a few steps to achieve better educational outcomes to reduce the dropout rates in the education system.
As a result of these socio-economic factors being closely linked to educational outcomes, the government must work toward addressing those factors by reducing poverty, providing access to the basics such as housing, clean water, and sanitation, as well as creating job opportunities.
The government should support students at risk by providing them with various programs and services that can help them stay in school, such as mentoring programs, after-school programs, and counselling services.
Aiming to involve parents and communities: To ensure that parents and community members are aware of the education opportunities available to their children and can provide support for them in their education, it is critical to encourage community involvement in education, especially in disadvantaged communities.
Alternative education opportunities: Governments should offer alternative education opportunities, such as vocational training and apprenticeships, to help students who may not be suited to traditional academic paths to complete their education, to help them reach their educational goals.
To address the quality of education: It is pertinent to emphasize that the government needs to invest in education quality, especially in disadvantaged communities. By investing in education quality, the government will be able to ensure that students are receiving high-quality education and are motivated to remain enrolled in school.
Governments should implement retention policies to keep students in school. For example, it might be useful for governments to offer stipends and bursaries to students who remain in school and complete their education.
As part of the monitoring and evaluation process, the government should determine the factors that lead students to drop out of school. We should take measures to make them less likely to repeat it in the future.
It is extremely important to note that to address the high dropout rate, the government, educators, the private sector, and communities must cooperate to create a more equitable education system that supports all students in completing their education and thereby reducing the dropout rate.